“Maybe the cows tip ‘em off when they’re milking them…”
That’s how comedian Jerry Seinfeld explores the question of who determines the expiration dates on milk cartons in one of his better known routines.
And Cornell University food safety professor Martin Wiedmann acknowledges it is difficult to know right now how long that milk is ok to stay in your fridge. He’s the senior author of research published in the Journal of Dairy Science.
He says the dates put on the cartons are often just guesses based on experience. But coming up with a more precise way to measure how long the milk will last, Wiedmann says, could help reduce food waste since consumers often throw out the milk if it is past the sell-by date.
One simple technique the Cornell professor says will help, is lowering the temperature at which milk is stored, even if it’s from something like 43 degrees to 39 degrees.
“Very few degrees are going to make a big difference; often you think, what difference (will) 2 or 3 degrees Fahrenheit make in food quality? That can quite considerably extend the shelf life and improve the quality. So keeping your refrigerator cold is always a good idea.”
Wiedmann says one of the goals is to reduce food waste, since consumers often throw out the milk if it is past the sell-by date.
“That is a considerable contributor to food waste, so putting better dates on there, that reflect the true shelf life, the true time until you show they can consume that product and be sure it’s high quality, will reduce food waste and I think that was one of the key drivers really in the work we’ve done here.”
Wiedmann imagines a day, perhaps in the next several years, when there are no dates stamped on milk. Instead, he says we might see something like a milk carton with a time-temperature indicator that would predict shelf life.
And he says technology being developed around so-called, 'smart refrigerators’ would one day help you determine the shelf life of products in your fridge.